What are the main objectives of and key drivers for implementing e-Government projects? Can investment and financing decisions help organisations in seeking these objectives?b)
What are the main challenges, complexities, and constraints that make e-Government projects risky and prone to high levels of failure?c)
Given the high risk–high return character of these projects, can a better approach to investment and financing decisions make a significant impact on the management of these complex and high risk projects?
Table 1. Challenges in managing e-Government projects.
|ICT asset management||Organisation management||Process management|
|Technical risks||Strategic leadership||Procurement management|
|Asset ownership and management||Change management||Economic evaluation|
|Operations and maintenance||Technical project management and overall governance||Risk management|
Figure 1. Alternative financing strategies and their impact on project components.
What is the purpose of RSTCA?
- Institutionalization of a facility / mechanism that would provide full funding support for mission-critical government ICT projects;
- Ensure successful completion of high-impact ICT projects that would jumpstart the development and implementation of e-Government throughout the country; and
- Facilitation of professional evaluation, selection and monitoring practices for ICT projects that would result in more effective and/or efficient cross-agency interfaces
There are several security drawbacks of an E-Governance mechanism.
- Spoofing: In this practice, the attacker attempts to gain the access of the E-Governance system by using fallacious identity either by stealth or by using false IP address. Once the access is gained, the assailant abuses the E-Governance system by elevation of the privileges.
- Tampering of E-Governance system: As soon as the system is compromised and privileges are raised, the classified information of the E-Governance mechanism becomes very much susceptible to illegal adjustments.
- Repudiation: Even the attacker can mount refutation attack during the E-Governance transaction, which is the ability of the user to reject its performed transaction.
- Disclosure of E-Governance Information: In case of the compromised E-Governance system, the undesirable information disclosure can take place very easily.
- Denial of Service: In this technique, attacker can perform Denial of Service (DoS) attack by flooding the E-Governance server with request to consume all of its resources so as to crash down the mechanism.
- Elevation of privilege: Once an E-Governance system is compromised; the attacker pretending to be a low profile user attempts to escalate to the high profiles so as to access its privileges to initiate further damage to the system.
- Cyber Crimes: Advancement of science and technology increase the rate of the cybercrime. It is a threat to the transactions accomplished between the Government and its Citizenry within the E-Governance methodology.
Requirements for implementing successful e-governance across the nation are
- e-Governance framework across the nation with enough bandwidth to service a population of one billion.
- Connectivity framework for making the services to reach rural areas of the country or development of alternative means of services such as e-governance kiosks in regional languages.
- National Citizen Database which is the primary unit of data for all governance vertical and horizontal applications across the state and central governments.
- E-governance and interoperability standards for the exchange of secure information with non-repudiation, across the state and central government departments seamlessly.
- A secure delivery framework by means of virtual private network connecting across the state and central government departments.
- Datacenters in centre and states to handle the departmental workflow automation, collaboration, interaction, exchange of information with authentication.
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